Designing the Digital Future
Ethical Issues in HRI
Department of Informatics, University of Oslo, Norway
This workshop is organized in conjunction with IEEE RO-MAN 2022. Our aim is to develop a new perspective on AI governance in Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) by investigating possible connections with Value-Sensitive Design, Human Centered Design, Universal Design approaches. The rapid development of AI and machine learning has enabled various types of HRI applications in the fields including domestic service, healthcare and military.
This talk aims to introduce the audience to Universal Design (UD) principles as design and ethical guidelines of Social Assistive Robots (SARs). First, the talk addresses how and why care robots, e.g., robots used within the home- and/or healthcare services, shall be designed to be more understandable for a diverse group of users (elderly, people with low digital literacy, people with an immigrant background, medical staff etc.). Second, various arguments are presented, including human rights and the right to health(care), along with the European Artificial Intelligence Act (AIA). Finally, the talk covers findings from our empirical work conducted with legal experts, Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) experts, and user group representatives, supporting these arguments.
How can robots be designed to advance the prospects for obtaining justice? While a considerable body of literature focuses on the ethics and rights implications of artificial intelligence (AI), surprisingly less energy has been dedicated to understanding the conditions under which emerging technologies can contribute to the pursuit of justice. In addition, much of the relevant scholarly discourse has examined key moral and ethical issues from an almost exclusively anthropocentric perspective. Meanwhile, the onset of the Anthropocene has animated concerns about the
implications of human-centered thinking, although this conversation has scarcely influenced the tenor of debates in AI ethics. This talk seeks to overcome these gaps and missed opportunities for dialogue by exploring theories of justice that include the more-than-human world, be it natural or technological. The goal is to prescribe ways in which design can promote justice for all the Earth’s inhabitants and contribute to a more ethical future.